Farm animal breeding is the activity in farm animal production providing the next generation of farm animals. The first step in this process is to set a breeding goal, in where is decided what desired ideal animal is aimed. Next comes the choice of the animals to become parents of the future. This process is called selection and is done by the help of quantitative genetics and genomics. Last but not least comes reproduction; mating animals and waiting for the offspring…
We highlight the following aspects of Animal breeding:Sustainable Animal breeding, Biotechnologies, Technology Transfer, and the Ethics behind animal breeding
For the breeding industry it is important to have a sustainable breeding environment, to reach long term views and conditions. Click on the different keywords to read more about the definitions, and criteria for sustainable breeding and to find sustainable breeding scenarios for ruminants, pigs, poultry, sheep and aquaculture.
The art of guiding conception, gestation and delivery is balancing
the criteria for which animal breeding can make a difference.
Ethics behind animal breeding
In essence, sustainability is "characteristic of states or processes that can be maintained over time with the right kind of management". It therefore indicates that a resource can be harvested and consumed endlessly. But what exactly the sustainable use of a resource involves is still open to dispute.
More about the ethics behind farm animal breeding
Technologies intended to assist the biological functioning of animals, plants or micro-organisms. Within animal breeding and reproduction, the aim may be to influence:
1. Existing animals - finetuning feed and the animal's possibilities by using reproductive technologies
2. Future animals - by choosing animals that are optimally equiped to produce meat, milk, eggs, piglets, etc.
The use of technologies raises ethical considerations regarding balancing e.g. environment, health, welfare, feasiblity, choice and animal integrity.
Technology Transfer means "Getting research results applied, either in the industry, in cooperatives, or in society". Therefore, one can describe technology transfer as the process of converting scientific findings from research laboratories into useful products by producing organisations.
Animal Breeding in the future
Scenarios are descriptions of a future possible course of events or actions. They are a powerful tool to support decision-making and planning and are a means to enhance dialogue with stakeholders. Global market, technological, biotechnological, animal welfare, management, political, economical, legal and societal developments may force animal production systems to change. In order to be able to consider new evolutions with care, and to have future pathways for discussion, three scenarios are worked out in this section: Conventional scenario, Alternative scenario, and the Low cost scenario. The scenarios have been developed in the SEFABAR project (2002-2003)